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■要旨

日本では、高齢化が進み、介護を必要とする人の数は増え続けると見られる。介護は、在宅介護と施設介護に分けられる。施設介護では、入居施設の整備が進められている。しかし、施設介護に従事するスタッフの不足などから、その進捗は緩やかなものとなっている。その結果、特別養護老人ホーム入居の待機高齢者の問題は、当面、解消されない見通しである。

そこで、在宅介護の役割が重要となる。本稿では、在宅介護の二本柱である、訪問介護と通所介護を、概観していく。

■目次

1――はじめに
2――介護の種類
3――訪問介護・通所介護サービスの需給
1|訪問介護・通所介護サービスの利用者は、増加している
2|訪問介護・通所介護サービスの提供者は、利用者よりも大きく増加している
4――訪問介護・通所介護サービス事業の経済性
1|訪問介護は、利用回数が少ない事業所では採算割れとなっている
2|通所介護は、利用者数が多ければ収益性が高い
5――介護スタッフの働きがい
1|介護職員の賃金上昇が図られているが、非常勤の職員への波及は限定的
2|介護職員の業務軽減と、社会的評価の向上が課題
3|短時間労働の介護職員の離職率・採用率は、全産業よりも低い
6――おわりに (私見)

もっと詳しく

Japan, as the aging progresses, the number of people who need nursing care is expected to continue to increase. Nursing care is divided into home care and institutional care. In facility nursing care, improvement of accommodation facilities is underway. However, due to lack of staff engaged in facility nursing care, the progress has been gradual. As a result, the problem of waiting elderly people moving to a special nursing home for nursing homes will not be solved for the time being.

Japan, as the aging progresses, the number of people who need nursing care is expected to continue to increase. Nursing care is divided into home care and institutional care. In facility nursing care, improvement of accommodation facilities is underway. However, due to lack of staff engaged in facility nursing care, the progress has been gradual. As a result, the problem of waiting elderly people moving to a special nursing home for nursing homes will not be solved for the time being.

Japan, as the aging progresses, the number of people who need nursing care is expected to continue to increase. Nursing care is divided into home care and institutional care. In facility nursing care, improvement of accommodation facilities is underway. However, due to lack of staff engaged in facility nursing care, the progress has been gradual.

Japan, as the aging progresses, the number of people who need nursing care is expected to continue to increase. Nursing care is divided into home care and institutional care. In facility nursing care, improvement of accommodation facilities is underway. However, due to lack of staff engaged in facility nursing care, the progress has been gradual. As a result, the problem of waiting elderly people moving to a special nursing home for nursing homes will not be solved for the time being.As a result, the problem of waiting elderly people moving to a special nursing home for nursing homes will not be solved for the time being.